Mapped: Where is the Best Phosphate For LFP Batteries?



The following content is sponsored by First Phosphate

Mapped: Where is the Best Phosphate For LFP Batteries?

Although global phosphate reserves stand at 72 billion metric tons, EV batteries typically require high-purity phosphate found in rare igneous rock phosphate deposits.

In this infographic sponsored by First Phosphate, we explore global phosphate reserves and highlight which deposits are best suited for Lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery production.

Phosphate Rock: Sedimentary vs. Igneous

Phosphate exists in both sedimentary and igneous rock types.

Sedimentary rock forms from layers of sediment and organic matter, while igneous rock originates from cooled magma or lava.

Interestingly, igneous phosphate rock deposits have the advantage of producing higher-purity phosphoric acid suitable for EV battery production, but 95% of global phosphate is in sedimentary rock.

Where in the World is Phosphate?

The lionโ€™s share of phosphate reserves, around 70%, is located in Morocco.

Rank Country Reserves (in thousand metric tons) Share (%)
1 ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Morocco 50,000,000 69.4%
2 ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ Egypt 2,800,000 3.9%
4 ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ Tunisia 2,500,000 3.5%
5 ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Algeria 2,200,000 3.1%
6 ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China 1,900,000 2.6%
7 ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil 1,600,000 2.2%
8 ๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆ South Africa 1,600,000 2.2%
9 ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi Arabia 1,400,000 1.9%
10 ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia 1,100,000 1.5%
11 ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States 1,000,000 1.4%
12 ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland 1,000,000 1.4%
13 ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด Jordan 1,000,000 1.4%
14 ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia 600,000 0.8%
15 ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Kazakhstan 260,000 0.4%
16 ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Peru 210,000 0.3%
17 ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Uzbekistan 100,000 0.1%
18 ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Israel 60,000 0.1%
19 ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณ Senegal 50,000 0.1%
20 ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Turkey 50,000 0.1%
21 ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India 46,000 0.1%
22 ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Mexico 30,000 0.0%
23 ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฌ Togo 30,000 0.0%
24 ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ Vietnam 30,000 0.0%
3 Other countries 2,600,000 3.6%
World total (rounded) 72,000,000 100.00%

Significant igneous phosphate deposits are only found in Brazil, Canada, Finland, Russia, and South Africa.ย 

Within igneous rock types, there is also a distinction in purity. About 4% of global phosphate deposits are igneous carbonatite rock, while a mere 1% are the highest-purity igneous anorthosite rock.

Why is it Important for EVs?

The igneous rock type itself is crucial, especially when considering the waste produced during the creation of purified phosphoric acid used in lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries for EVs.

Igneous anorthosite rock advantages for LFP battery production include:

  1. 90% can be converted to LFP grade purified phosphoric acid for LFP battery
  2. Allows 100% focus on LFP battery and EV clients downstream
  3. Clean processing allows for a fully circular economy.

First Phosphate: Leading the Charge

With a rare igneous anorthosite rock deposit in Quรฉbec, First Phosphate is leading the charge in producing the highest purity, ESG-driven, carbon-neutral phosphate for the global LFP battery industry.

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